Once the diagnosis has been made several steps may be taken.
after fracture - Bed rest with analgesia in conjunction with early mobilisation and physiotherapy is the best way of rehabilitating those affected. Calcitonin may also be given as this relieves bone pain, and acts to stimulate the formation of bone.
to restore bone mass - Research suggests that it is difficult to restore bone mass when it has been lost, however some agents are used:
For secondary osteoporosis If the osteoporosis is secondary to a disease process then reviewing the management of that condition to lessen the chances of further damage to the bones may be done. Control of the underlying disorder will control the osteoporosis and the medications outlined above may be used to try and restore bone mass.
Similarly if the osteoporosis is due to medication then the doses used may be altered in an attempt to slow down the osteoporotic change. Indeed, those on long term glucocorticoids should be given calcium and vitamin D supplements to counteract the bone resorption stimulated by these medications.